Cultural Clothing

This website is an abundant source of collective testimonies that provides valuable contributions to American immigration history  and shows how cultural and Islamic dress influence individual and group identity. Material culture such as dress, asserts identity, culture, and heritage. Because a fundamental aspect of culture is sharing stories that can impact generations, communities and individuals thrive on personal narratives that can inspire and motivate others:
“As women narrate their stories, they raise a variety of important issues that tackle social, economic, cultural, and political assumptions. Women’s eagerness to tell their stories from the perspective of a protagonist highlight their conviction of their key role in writing and shaping their family and group history.” – Dr. Enaya Othman President of the AMWRRI Board of Directors and Professor at Marquette University –

These testimonies reveal that women’s identities and perceptions are multifaceted; they also speak of an array of determinants that influence the degree to which integration and acculturation shape identity.These factors include the level of education, time of immigration, the consistency of keeping ties with the homeland, the geographical region from where they migrated (village, refugee camp, city, and country), their contribution to family economy, and the level of interactions with members outside their ethnic and religious group. Consequently, as each of the stories addresses its multiplicities and uniqueness, simultaneously it shares communality, a general pattern that connects them to their group’s history.

To what extent does dress express cultural and familial identity? How persistent are women in transferring such a cultural marker to their children and grandchildren? How is fashion an expression of aesthetics? The testimonies gathered so far highlight the importance of cultural as well as religious clothing (hijab or head cover) and its meanings to various Arab and Muslim women who immigrated from different Arab and Muslim countries. Women from different generations continue to recreate or adapt different elements of their cultural dress. For example, some women, especially first-generation immigrants, wear their cultural and ethnic clothing daily; others wear them during special celebrations, events, family visits and holidays. Furthermore, many women such as those originally from Palestine, combine wearing cultural and Islamic dress to confirm the linkage between religious and cultural elements in their personal identity.

It is vital that we all value and understand the importance of appreciating diversity  in  dress and appearance among communities living in the Greater Milwaukee area and we believe that Muslim women’s heritage preservation contributes greatly to Milwaukee’s multicultural and plural society.

Bilad Al-Sham





Gulf States




North Africa



South Asia